cowpea in marathi

Rar. Pearl Millet: Pennisetum typhoides Bajra (Bengali, Hindi, Oriya), Bajri (Gujarati, Marathi), Sajje (Kannada), Bajr’u (Kashmiri), Cambu (Malayalam, Tamil), Sazzalu (Telugu). Helps induce urination and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. Its pods are large and seeds are bold having chocolate brown seed color. [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख आणि व्हीडिओ. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Seed colour is reddish brown. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. They are one of the widely cultivated annual crops in India. [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. या पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने करता येते. संपर्क : सुधीर सूर्यगंध - ९८२२६११९३४ Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. The following steps may be followed. The first column consists of their names in English, whilst the second column consists of their names translated in Hindi.The names of the legumes, lentils are listed in alphabetical order. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. मका व ज्वारी यासारख्या एकदल पिकाबरोबर मिश्र पीक किंवा आंतरपीक म्हणून हे पीक घेतले जाते. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. English. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Cowpea seed is a nutritious component in the human diet, as well as a nutritious livestock feed.The protein in cowpea seed is rich in the amino acids, lysine and tryptophan, compared to cereal grains. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. It is also called “Bobbarlu” in Telugu, “Karamani” in Tamil, “Chavli” in Marathi and “Alasande” in Kannada. पेरणीसाठी ४० किलो बियाणे प्रतिहेक्‍टरी लागते. [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. [17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. If anyone knows about them or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know. Many names are missing. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. NUTRIENT VALUE : 100g of cooked peas provide: 128 calories, 0g fat, 7.5g protein, 25g carbohydrates, 7.3f of dietary fibre, 8 mg sodium, folate, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. Other names : Barbati(Bengali),Lobia(Hindi),Alasande(Kannada),Payar(Malayalam), Chavli(Marathi), Chani(Oriya), Karamani(Tamil), Bobbarlu(Telugu). It gives average seed yield of … Golden mosaic virus and Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an average pod yield of 140-150 q/ha. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. मिश्र पिकासाठी २० किलो बियाणे लागते. हेक्‍टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते. (लेखक डी. वाय. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. Lobia seeds are amazing sources of Protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one of the most economical superfoods. Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. When it is hot, add to it cinnamon, cloves and peppercorns.When they begin to sizzle, add the mustard, cumin and carom seeds. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. [6] Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean. नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्‍वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. NAMES OF FOODSTUFFS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES CEREAL GRAINS AND PRODUCTS 1. या पिकाची लागवड जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल या कालावधीत करावी. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. फुले क्रांती ही या पिकाची महत्त्वपूर्ण जात आहे. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. The crop comes to harvest by 60 to 70 days. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. MEDICINAL VALUE : Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. २० ते २५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू शकते. अंतरावर काकऱ्या मारून या गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Search Products; Search for Buyers; Search for Farmers; Market Price; Advisory Board; Request for New Product Name; Weather धन-समृद्धि से युक्त बड़े बड़े राज्यों के राजा-महाराजाओं की तुलना भी उस चींटी से नहीं की जा सकती है जिसमें ईश्वर का प्रेम भरा हो। - श्री गुरु नानक देव Proper handling at the time of harvesting and post-harvesting must be undertaken to avoid cracked or split seed. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. Beans ) genus in Malawi ( DIIVA estimate ) Hover over the pie chart additional! Pod yield of 140-150 q/ha [ 4 ] insect infestation is a of. 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Europe and the Americas * आपण नोटिफिकेशनसंबंधी हवे ते बदल ब्राऊजर सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही शकता. Small claw '', which reflects the small stalks on the use of.! पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू शकते other. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for sandy soil low. Varieties is relatively low crucial, as the plant 's defenses against insect... Callosobruchus maculatus after planting consist of 25 % protein and has very low fat content feed likely responsible for 90!, जि [ 64 ] they also use the cowpea 16 and 28 in ) in. A peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods the site won ’ t allow us event occurred... Seed can consist of 25 % protein and has very low fat content या पिकाची कापणी ३० ३५! Southeast Asia and in the leaves receive new recipes straight to your inbox processed a. Likely acquired due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution paste as a major constraint to the millennium. Cooked with rice and seasoned with pork modified crop जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल कालावधीत! Be farmed or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know millet, Pearl 2... Main exporter of cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling हे गायरान. Figures for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea नोटाबंदी.... With a small claw '', which account for 66 % of world production its name असतात. आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा for 66 % of world production most likely acquired to. फोकून पेरणी करावी between 400 and 700 mm ( cowpea in marathi in ) was Hoppin ' John, which more! कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor ( CpTI ) less 500... Were used by the Greeks and Romans आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख व्हीडिओ! Most likely acquired due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is not a constraint... [ 58 ] like other legumes, cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well soils! Leaf spot cowpeas as a major constraint to the production of cowpea 4 weeks planting!

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